Gold is an ancient precious metal that is used as a store of value and has been used as currency for thousands of years. Gold is also often seen as a hedge against inflation, which is why it has become a popular investment during times of economic uncertainty. The gold price might seem high at first glance, but investing in the precious metal can offer solid returns over time.
The gold price is the global price for a troy ounce of gold at any given moment. It is set by different markets around the world, but most of them rely on a single authority to set the price: the LBMA in London, for example.
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Many factors influence the gold price, but most importantly, it depends on investors’ expectations about the future. Inflation is a major factor, as it tends to push the gold prices higher. In addition, central banks’ demand for gold continues to be strong. They bought 32 tonnes in November and now hold a record 1,980 tons of the precious metal in their official reserves.
Interest rates are another important influencing factor. Gold and interest rates are inversely correlated: when interest rates rise, it’s usually a negative for gold, while lower interest rates can boost the precious metal’s demand as an alternative investment.